Burhan Uray

Lahir dengan nama Bong Sun On  di Malaysia. Masuk ke Indonesia ketika maraknya penyelundupan kayu ke Malaysia. Dia kemudian menjelman menjadi konglomerat  yang dibina oleh rejim Orde Baru. Terakhir dia menjadi  penguasa hutan Indonesia Timur. Konon setelah konsesi hutannya habis dia mulai menjarah ikan di perairan Indonesia Timur . Konon salah satu perusahaannya terlibat praktek perbudakan ++++++ SELASA, 26 MEI 2015 | 15:09 WIB Faisal Basri: Mafia Ikan Lebih Ngeri dari Mafia Migas  TEMPO.CO, Jakarta – Mantan Ketua Tim Tata Kelola Migas Faisal Basri mengaku saat ini tengah membantu Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Susi Pudjiastuti untuk mengurusi mafia ikan. Faisal Basri akan bergabung dengan tim satuan tugas (satgas) anti illegal fishing yang dipimpin Mas Achmad Santosa. Menurut dia, tim anti mafia ikan ini lebih ngeri dari mafia migas. “Karena taruhannya nyawa, makanya orang-orangnya lebih gila di sana,” katanya di kantor Kementerian ESDM, Selasa, 26 Mei 2015. Dia mengatakan pembentukan tim ini dilandasi keputusan presiden. Faisal sempat membandingkan dasar keputusan menteri untuk pembentukan tim yang menyebabkan ruang geraknya terbatas. “Bukan karena itu saya enggak mau diperpanjang (di tim anti mafia migas),” katanya. Tim satgas anti illegal fishing, kata dia, akan mengusut modus operandi cara kerja mafia ikan. Menurut Faisal, pengusutan kasus mafia ikan juga menguak perbudakan hingga keterlibatan nama-nama yang berjaya di era Orde Baru. “Ada Burhan Uray. Saya sebut nama saja, deh. Dulu itu dia raja hutan,” katanya. Selepas kayu yang diambil habis hingga pulau tempat penebangan trondol (gundul), lokasi milik Burhan itu dijadikan basecamp perbudakan dan tempat menyimpan ikan ilegal tersebut. Faisal mengatakan sudah ada data tersebut termasuk mata rantai pelaku illegal fishing. “Nanti saya tanya Bu Susi boleh disampaikan tidak. Petanya lengkap,” katanya. ALI HIDAYAT +++++++ DJAJANTI GROUP: PROSPERING THROUGH FISHERY BUSINESS AMID CRISIS   Link/Page Citation  As a seasoned businessman in Indonesia’s eastern provinces, Burhan Uray alias Bong Sung On, owner of Djajanti Group, saw that the region has a large fishing potential, about 2.5 million tons a year. The region does not have many modern facilities, Arafura where the company has its base is isolated, even fresh water has to be brought in from Surabaya. But this did not discourage Burhan. At the end of 1979, he established PT Daya Guna Samudera (DGS) which started its operation with 21 wooden vessels, 30 ton each, and operated from Benjina, Maeko Island.  Using assets from his timber business, DSG built all facilities and infrastructure needed from water storage, power generation, seaport, telecommunication, employee housing, clinic, and school which cost US$100 million. Eventually, after a decade DSG is able to harvest 30 tons of shrimp a month. Shrimp from Arafura Sea is first quality in the world, in terms of taste and appearance, which explains why Japan buys all the DGS products.  DGS is an integrated fishing industry. The company which got fishing concession in the Aru islands in Southeast Maluku, is operating some 150 fishing vessels and a number of fish processing factories. Today, DGS can be said to the principal player in fishery business. Its turnover continues to grow that in 1996 it reached Rp 417.2 billion, twice that of the previous year. DGS is now the only publicly listed fishery company. In September 1996 it sold 20% of its shares at the Jakarta Stock Exchange.    Djajanti Group has four other large-scale fishery companies: PT Artha Samudera which is located in Irian Jaya; PT Kinantan Senaputra which has fishing concession in Sulawesi Sea and a base in Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi; PT Bintoni Mina Raya which operates in offshore Irian Jaya with a base in Babo, Irina Jaya; PT Djarma Aru which operates in South China Sea and Arafura Sea and whose base is in Kimaan, Irian Jaya. To bolster its fishery business, Djajanti Group also operates PT Mina Setam Lestari which operates shrimp ponds in the island of Serum, Maluku.  Djajanti Group continues to strengthen its position in. ‘fishery business, as indicated by its new fishing project approved by BKPM in March 1998. Through this new project which will be managed by PT Hasil Tambak Amboonia, Djajanti Group planned to produce 32,000 tons of fresh shrimp, 25,000 frozen shrimp and 60,000 tons of fresh fish a year. This project which will be located in Maluku is a huge investment totaling Rp 7759 billion. According to the approval given by BKPM, the project is slated for completion and will start to operate in June 2003.  By concentrating in resources base industry, the business growth of Djajanti Group is not very much affected by the current crisis. The group has about 50 subsidiary companies, some of the more outstanding ones, besides Daya Guna Samudra, are PT Artika Optima Inti (wood- based), PT Bintuni Minaraya (integrated fishery), PT Djajanti Djaja (holding company), PT Nusantra Plywood (wood-based), and PT Alam Hijau (shrimp culture).  Today, with its core businesses in integrated wood-based and integrated fishery industries, Djajanti Group has strengthened itself as a medium conglomerate with an estimated sales turnover of Rp 850 billion in 1997. Recently, with the Rupiah depreciation against US dollar, the earnings of the group is estimated to increase tremendously, considering that almost all of its products are destined for the export market.  It started from woods-based business  Djajanti Group started its business in wood-based industry in 1969 by establishing PT Djajanti Djaja. It was the embryo of the Djajanti Group which started its business through a 427,000 hectare forest concession in Central and South Kalimantan.  Through this forest concession the group was able to export logs in large quantity every year that it became one of the leaders in this field. Eventually the Indonesian government banned log export in 1982 in order to earn greater added value through export of processed wood products.    Consequently, some companies which relied heavily on log export went broke due to lack of fund, because they had to build capitol-intensive wood processing industries if they wanted to survive.  Djajanti Group which was financially strong took advantage of the opportunity by setting up PT Nusantara Plywood mill in Surabaya, East Java, which in the course of time became one of the five largest plywood mills in Indonesia, backed up by five factories with an annual capacity of 580,600 cubic meters.  To strengthen its wood processing business, notably plywood, Djajanti Group set up several other large companies – PT Artika Optima Inti, PT Budi Nyata, PT Cora Parama Plywood Industry, and PT Malek Indah Plywood Industry.  Apart from enlarging its wood processing business, Djajanti Group also acquired several forest concessions companies which were having liquidity problems. Some of these were PT Gema Sanubari, PT Rimbayu Barito, PT Rimba Windu, PT Widjaja Kusuma, and PT Palangka Nusantara. As more forest concessions came under control of the Djajanti Group, raw material supplies for its processing industries were secured. It was one of the business strategies of the group in anticipation of shortage of raw material supplies. At present, the group’s forest concession totaled 2.6 million hectare, a tremendous increase from the time when it first began with only 427,000 hectare. To back up its wood processing industries, the group operates an urea adhesive factory named PT Nusa Prima Pratama.  In 1990, Djajanti Group received an approval from the Minister of Forestry to develop a 10,000-hectare transmigration-related timber estate. Then, in July 1992, through PT Djajanti Universal the group set up a wooden furniture plant worth US$ 100 million which had started production in 1993. In this project the group has made a tie-up with an American company named Universal.  In 1994, through PT Artika Optima Inti (AOI), Djajanti Group wanted to float its shares in the stock market, however, because it had not met a requirement set by Bapepam the stock market authorities in Indonesia, the plan has not been realized until now.  Apart from wood processing industries, Djajanti Group is involved in agroindustry, that is, in fishery business. Through PT Daya Guna Samudera which was set up in 1980, the group engages in tuna and skipjack fishing in East Indonesia waters. Almost all o the catch was exported. In this business, the group works together with its old business partners Sudradjat Djajapertjunda and tycoon Sudwikatmono.    In addition to its core business, the group has expanded into other business lines, but they are too far apart from its core business, they are related to agroindustry or woodbased industry. For example, PT Sagindo Sari Lestari (SSL) engages in sago cultivation in Irian Jaya. Through PT SSL which has been operating since 1992 in cooperation with Sudwikatmono, the group becomes the only investor in sago plantation and tis processing industry in Indonesia. This project has cost US$ 10 million and has 15,000 hectare cultivated plantation. Its production capacity is 36,000 tons a year.  Then through PT Alam Unda, Djajanti Group planned to develop a pulp industry having a capacity of 300,000 tons a year, integrated with its timber estate. This project which is tremendous in view of its US$ 625 million investment is not going smoothly and has not been realized until now.  Djajanti Group also expanded into cement industry. Through PT Maluku Semen Dinamika (MSD), it has received approval from the government in 1993 to build a cement plant in the island of Ceram, Maluku. The Rp 135 billion plant will have a capacity of 2.1 million ton per year, but until now it is not known when it will be realized.  Going international  Djajanti Group has stepped into other countries, for instance, through Borneo Timber in Singapore and Tokyo Timber Trading in Japan, both of which are trading companies. In cooperation with its partner from Brunei Damssalam, Butra Sdn. Bhd., the group planned to build a US$ 45 million cement factory in Muara, Brunei. It is designed to have 40,000 tons capacity a year to meet the local need. This project has not been realized.  BAMBANG TRIHATMODJO QUITS VDH POST OF DIRECTOR. Bambang Trihatmodjo has quit the post of director in Van Der Horst (VDH), a publicly listed company in the Singaporean Stock Exchange. Bambang, however, still retains his share of 6.08% in the company. Bambang also has sold his shares in L&M Group Investment and United Pulp & Paper. Reports said that a number of Indonesian tycoons including Prajogo Pangestu had also sold their shares in some companies listed in the Singaporean stock exchange.  SIX FOREIGN COMPANIES READY TO HANDLE FERRONICKEL PROJECT IN SOUTHEAST SULAWESI. So far there are six foreign companies expressing readiness to handle the expansion the third ferronickel plant in Pomalaa, Southeast Asia. Three of the companies will be selected through tender. According to the chief executive of the state-owned PT Aneka Tambang, those already expressing interest in a tender for engineering procurement and construction (EPC) are experienced companies. According to schedule, the third expansion of the ferronickel plant is to be completed in 2000 and is to be commissioned in 2001. Its production capacity could be increased from 11,000 tons to 24,000 tons of nickel a year.  PTPN XlI READY TO GO PUBLIC IN 2000. PT Perkebunan Nusantara XII, which operates 35 coffee, cacao, rubber and tea plantations totaling 83,090 hectares in East Java is ready to go public in 2000 after the state- owned plantation companies posted a net profit of Rp 14 billion in two successive years. The company chief executive said the state-owned plantation company is healthy and competitive enough to go public. The public fund it hopes to raise will be used to modernize its coffee bean processing factories.  SIX COMPANIES VYEING FOR CONTRACT TO BUILD SUBMARINE CABLE PROJECT. At least six Indonesian and foreign private companies will vie for a contract for the installation of submarine cable communication networks (SKKL) between Ambon and Jayapura 2,135 kilometer long. The companies to take part in the project tender include Alcatel, NEC, Fujitsu, Siemens. Telkorn said the bidders are required to hand over tender fee of US$ 500 each. Tender is for telecommunication equipment, optic fibre cable, and power supply equipment. A Telkom executive said that Ambon- Jayapura optic fibre SKKL is a vital part of a target to built in Repelita VI.  BANK HASTIN, BCD, SERTIVIA AND PRIMA EXPRESS MERGING. Bank Central Dagang (BCD), Bank Hastin, Bank Servitia and Bank Prima Express are ready to merge. The senior vice president of BCD said the banks are waiting for an approval from the finance minister and Bank Indonesia. The merger agreement was already signed in April and the merger process is expected to be completed by the end of July, but no name was given for the new bank. If the merger is implemented, the new bank will have assets worth Rp 5 trillion including Rp. 1.45 trillion from BCD, Rp 777 billion from Bank Hastin, Rp 2.059 trillion from bank Servitia, and Rp 1.054 trillion from Bank Prima Express. COPYRIGHT 1998 P.T. Data Consult, Inc. No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder. Copyright 1998 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Please bookmark with social media, your votes are noticed and appreciated: Reader ratings: Vote: 1 starVote: 2 starVote: 3 starVote: 4 starVote: 5 star 0 [0 vote(s)] You can rate this article by selecting 1 to 5 stars on the left.  Reader Opinion Title: Comment:

Pencurian Kayu oleh Djayanti Group di Papua
Fri, 22-06-2012 04:58:16 Oleh admin Telah Dibaca 591 kali
Perusahaan HPH PT Artika Optima Inti Unit II di Potawai Buru merupakan Cabang dari Perusahaan HPH PT Artika Optima Inti Unit I yang beroperasi di Kabupaten Merauke. Perusahaan ini merupakan anak perusahaan dari Djajanti Group yang bergerak di sejumlah bidang usaha di Tanah Papua, antara lain termasuk Pengalengan Ikan Tuna di Biak, Pengawetan Udang Beku di Avona, Kabupaten Kaimana, dan termasuk pencurian Kayu di mana-mana di Tanah Papua.

Khusus di Daerah Potawai Buru, selain PT Atrika Optima Inti Unit II, ada dua perusahaan ikutan yang juga bergerak dalam bidang yang sama yakni; PT Budhi Nyata, pencurian kayunya mulai dari Avona (Teluk Etna, Kabupaten Kaimana) sementara Project Kanrona Mina Sejahterana mencuri kayu tapi menggunakan kedok pembangunan jalan raya lintas Selatan mulai dari muara Sungai Potawai sampai dengan muara sungai Kapiraya kurang lebih sekitar 200 Km. Project ini merupakan proyek kesepahaman antara Djajanti Group dengan Pemerintah Kabupaten Mimika, dengan perjanjian perusahaan boleh mengambil kayu samping kiri-kanan jalan sepanjang 2 Km. Akan tetapi kenyataanya bisa lebih bahkan sampai 10-12 Km ke arah darat dengan sistem IPK, namun pembayaran Kompensasi menggunakan sistem HPH kepada masyarakat adat (pemilik dusun).

PT Artika Optima Inti Unit II Potawai Buru tersebut mulai beroperasi sejak tahun 1983 di daerah pesisir pantai Potawai Buru, namun sejak tahun 1995 ekspansi perusahaan tersebut melewati batas adat (Batas Ulayat) antara Suku Kamoro dengan Suku Mee. Tepatnya di Kilometer 14 dari Logfond Potawai Buru. Hingga kini PT Artika Optima Inti mencuri kayu ke arah utara potawai hingga sampai 40 Km, sedangkan dari Km 20 ada satu cabang juga yang kearah Timur sehingga kini memasuki Km 80 sekaligus membuka jalan lintas Selatan oleh Project Kanrona Mina Sejahtera yang direncanakan bersama Pemda Kabupaten Timika sepanjang 200 Kilometer.

Legitimasi Masyarakat Adat (Pemilik Hak Ulayat)

Djajanti Group bersama anak perusahaannya beroperasi di daerah Potawai Buru dan Nariki; tanpa kompromi dengan masyarakat pemilik dusun yang bermukim di dataran rendah Nariki. Sehingga masyarakat pemilik dusun Nariki menganggap pengambilan kayu yang dilakukan oleh Djajanti Group dengan anak-anak perusahaannya adalah aksi pencurian kayu secara besar-besaran. Oleh karena itu alangkah bijaksanya adalah harus diberhentikan dan dituntuk secara hukum di muka pengadilan, biarlah hukumlah yang menegakkan keadilan itu.

Sikap Perusahaan Terhadap Penduduk Lokal (Pemilik Ulayat)

Selama perusahaan Djajanti Group bersama anak-anak perusahaannya (PT Artika Optima Inti Unit II, PT Budhi Nyata, dan Kanrona Mina Sejahtera) bekerja mencuri Kayu, masyarakat lokal dianggap manusia kelas II yang seenaknya dibiarkan begitu saja termasuk para pemilik dusun (hak ulayat). Hal ini terlihat jelas ketika para pemilik dusun meminta Dana Kompensasinya, mereka ditodong dengan Senapan Mesin oleh Aparat Brimobda yang dengan sengaja ditugaskan oleh perusahaan di lokasi perusahaan mencuri kayu.

Pernah satu kali satu Rombongan masyarakat dari Distrik Sukikai, Kabupaten Nabire (para pemilik dusun) mendatangi perusahaan meminta dana kompensasi, mereka ditembaki dengan peluru hampa, dan masyarakat lari pontang-panting menyelamatkan diri. Akibatnya salah satu dari mereka, Eduardus Makay, tergores matanya dengan ranting kayu dan kini matanya menjadi buta dan tinggal di Apouwo, Distrik Sukikai, Kabupaten Nabire.

Begitupula pada pertengahan Januari 2005 lalu mengalami hal yang sama. Masyarakat pemilik dusun di daerah Kapiraya, ketika mereka menuntut Kompensasi buat mereka, ternyata malah ditembaki aparat Brimobda yang bertugas di Logfond Potawai Buru dan menelan korban 5 (lima) orang. Octovianus Makay, kakinya diamputasi akibat terkena tembakan aparat Brimobda, sedangkan 4 orang lainnya ada yang terluka akibat peluruh nyasar, adapula yang diintimidasi dengan moncong senjata laras panjang, dan ada pula yang dipukuli menggunakan popor senjata.

Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Lokal

Pemberdayaan masyarakat lokal merupakan suatu tanggung jawab moral yang harus ditanggung oleh perusahaan, namun oleh Djajanti Group sama sekali tidak melakukannya. Hal ini terlihat jelas, karena perusahaan sama sekali tidak membangun sarana pendidikan, kesehatan maupun peribadatan, sehingga atas inisiatif masyarakat sendiri membangun pemondokan lalu ketika hari Minggu tiba maka mereka berkumpul dan melakukan ibadah bersama.

Selanjutnya menyangkut sekolah, di area pencurian kayu, anak-anak seusia sekolah tinggal begitu saja dengan tidak mengenyam pendidikan, karena sarana belajar tidak tersedia. Bidang kesehatanpun mengalami nasib yang sama.

Pemberdayaan Sumber Daya Manusia lokal, sama sekali tidak nampak pula di area perusahaan beroperasi. Hal ini terlihat jelas bahwa sumberdaya lokal tidak pernah dimanfaatkan ataupun diberdayakan oleh perusahaan. Tidak ada satu putra daerah yang mengemudikan Tractor, Exafator. Loder, maupun Lodging. Tidak ada satu putra daerah pun yang bekerja di lingkungan Management Administrasi. Sehingga pantas dan wajar kalau dikatakan perusahaan beroperasi di daerah Potawai Buru dalam rangka mencuri dan penduduk local/Pribumi (Pemilik Hak Ulayat) sama sekali tidak merasa ikut memiliki, namun kekayaannya yang dikeruk dan dirampas.

Pembayaran Kompensasi

Pembayaran kompensasi dari perusahaan kepada masyarakat baru mulai terealisasi tahun 1998, padahal perusahan sudah beroperasi sejak tahun 1983. Itupun setelah melewati suatu perjuangan yang sengit dan panjang di hadapan Gubernur Provinsi Papua, Freddy Numbery waktu itu. Sekalipun demikian, hasilnya tetap tidak sebanding dengan potensi kayu yang dicuri dengan kompensasi yang dibayarkan perusahaan kepada masyarakat pemilik ulayat yang nyata-nyata 2 (dua) tongkang kayu diangkut dalam setiap dua hari seperti yang seluruh masyarakat saksikan sendiri di dermaga logfond potawai buru dengan berlinang air mata. Apa daya, karena berhadapn dengan militer.

Dengan adanya SK Gubernur Provinsi Papua dengan Nomor 184 Tahun 2005 tentang penentuan harga kubikan kayu yang harus dibayarkan perusahaan HPH kepada masyarakat pemilik dusun, perusahaan membayar konpensasi untuk masyarakat pemilik dusun yang ada di Potawai Buru pesisir maupun dataran dengan total sebesar Rp 1. 200.000.000,- namun itupun jauh dari potensi kayu yang dibawah keluar jika kita kembali mengacu kepada SK Gubernur Nomor 184 Tahun 2005 tersebut. Persoalannya adalah bahwa 1,2 milyar itu didapat dari mana? Sementara kita sama-sama tahu bahwa satu tongkang kayu yang dibawah keluar adalah rata-rata 3000 meter kubik. Setiap meter kubik masyarakat dihargai Rp 50. 000,- (sesuai SK Gubernur No. 184) X 3000 = Rp 150,000,000,- X 24 Tongkang selama 1 bulan = Rp 3.600.000. 000,- X 6 bulan = 21.600.000.000,-

Legitimasi Hukum

Legalitas pengoperasian perusahaan tersebut secara de jure adalah benar bahwa perusahaan tersebut beroperasi di wilayah kekuasaan Kabupaten Mimika, namun secara de facto perusahaan beroperasi di wilayah Kabupaten Nabire karena PT Artika Optima Inti Unit II dan Project Kanrona Mina Sejahtera mengambil kayu dan membangun jalan di area Kampung Unito dan Isago dari DIstrik Sukikai. Sementara PT Budhi Nyata beroperasi di Kampung Wosokunu (Wigoumakiida) Distrik Sukikai.

Akan tetapi ketika masyarakat adat berbicara tentang hak-haknya menyangkut hak ulayatnya maka batasan-batasan wilayah pemerintahan tidak berlaku baginya karena Negara yang disebut state hadir setelah didahului oleh kekuasaan dan hubungan-hubungan kekerabatan manusia dengan alam sekitarnya telah ada di daerah tersebut secara turun-temurun.

(Laporan LSM di Papua)

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